Lección #12: Los verbos irregulares

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En las pasadas lecciones hemos hablado mucho de los verbos regulares e irregulares. Sin embargo, no hemos especificado cuales son, ni cómo se deben conjugar de una forma correcta para el idioma que estamos aprendiendo. En la lección del día de hoy vamos a aprender algunos de estos verbos con el fin de saber qué debemos hacer con ellos.

A continuación ponemos a vuestra disposición una lista con todos los verbos irregulares, en la cual se recoge el infinitivo y el presente de los mismos, así como el pasado simple y el participio.

Debemos tener en cuenta que, en el caso de el infinitivo y el presente, ambos tienen la misma forma, salvo el infinitivo, que va precedido de la partícula to. Además, en algunos casos, el verbo tiene dos posibles formas en el pasado o en el futuro. Tampoco tenemos que olvidar que, en otros casos, el verbo no tiene infinitivo; En estas ocasiones son verbos modales.

Los verbos que os indicamos a continuación no siguen una regla determinada, por lo que conviene estudiarlos poco a poco:

n

Infinitivo / Presente Significado Forma pasada Participio
To stand soportar stood stood
To come up surgir came up come up
To wake despertar woke woke
To be ser / estar was been
To stand aguantar stood stood
To beat golpear beat beaten
To become llegar a ser became become
To happen ocurrir happened happened
To procreate procrear procreated procreated
To begin empezar began begun
To notice observar noticed noticed
To bend doblar bent bent
To grieve estar afligido grieved grieved
To keep asking preguntar con insistencia kept asking kept asking
To bet apostar betted / bet betted / bet
To bid ordenar bade bidden
To bid pujar bid bid
To bind atar bound bound
To bite morder bit bitten
To bleed sangrar bled bled
To blow soplar blew blown
To break romper broke broken
To breed engendrar bred bred
To bring traer brought brought
To broadcast retransmitir broadcast broadcast
To build construir built built
To burn quemar burned / burnt burned / burnt
To burst explotar burst burst
To buy comprar bought bought
Can poder could be able
To throw away arrojar / lanzar threw away thrown away
To catch coger caught caught
To chide regañar chid chidden
To choose elegir chose chosen
To cut cortar / romper cut cut
To cling agarrarse clung clung
To clothe vestir clothed / clad clothed / clad
To come venir came come
To cost costar cost cost
To creep deslizarse con sigilo crept crept
To sing cantar sang sung
To cut cortar cut cut
To dare desafiar dared / durst dared / durst
To deal tratar co dealt / delt dealt / delt
To dig cavar dug dug
To do hacer did done
To draw dibujar drew drawn
To dream soñar dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt
To drink beber drank drunk
To drive conducir drove driven
To live in habitar lived in livled
To eat comer ate eaten
To fall caer fell fallen
To feed alimentar fed fed
To feel sentir felt felt
To fight luchar fought fought
To find encontrar found found
To run away escapar ran away run away
To fling arrojar flung flung
To fly volar flew flown
To stop desistir stopped stopped
To forbid prohibir forbade forbidden
To forget olvidar forgot forgotten
To forgive perdonar forgave forgiven
To leave renunciar a algo left left
To freeze helar(se) froze frozen
To get coger got got
To make golden dorar made golden made golden
To fasten sujetar con cinturón fastened fastened
To give dar gave given
To go ir went gone
To grind moler ground ground
To grow crecer grew grown
To hang colgar hanged / hung hanged / hung
To have haber / tener had had
To hear oír heard heard
To hide esconder hid hidden
To hit golpear hit hit
To hold sostener held held
To hurt herir hurt hurt
To keep mantener kept kept
To kneel arrodillarse knelt knelt
To knit tejer knit knit
To know saber knew known
To lay colocar laid laid
To lead guiar led led
To lean inclinar leaned / leant leaned / leant
To leap brincar leaped / leapt leaped / leapt
To learn aprender learned / learnt learned / learnt
To leave dejar left left
To lend prestar lent lent
To let permitir let let
To lie echarse lay lain
To light encender lit lit
To lose perder lost lost
To make hacer made made
May poder might -
to mean significar meant / ment meant / ment
To meet encontrar(se) met met
To mow segar mowed mowed / mown
Must deber had to -
Ought deber - -
To pay pagar paid paid
To put poner put put
To read leer read / red read / red
To rent alquilar rented rented
To rid eliminar rid rid
To ride montar (a caballo) rode ridden
To ring sonar rang rung
To rise subir rose risen
To run correr ran run
To saw serrar sawed sawed / sawn
To say decir said said
To see ver saw seen
To seek buscar sought sought
To sell vender sold sold
To send enviar sent sent
To set poner set set
To sew coser sewed sewed / sewn
To shake agitar shook shaken
Shall (auxiliar futuro) - -
To shear esquilar sheared / shore sheared / shorn
To shed perder (hojas) shed shed
To shine brillar shone shone
To shoe herrar shoed / shod shoed / shod
To shoot disparar shot shot
To show mostrar showed showed / shown
To shrink encoger shrank shrunk
To shut cerrar shut shut
To sing cantar sang sung
To sink hundir sank sunk
To sit sentarse sat sat
To slay matar slew slain
To sleep dormir slept slept
To slide resbalar slid slid
To sling lanzar (con fuerza) slung slung
To sneak deslizarse con sigilo snuck snuck
To slit cortar slit slit
To smell oler smelled / smelt smelled / smelt
To hit golpear hit hit
To sow sembrar sowed sowed / sown
To speak hablar spoke spoken
To speed acelerar speeded / sped speeded / sped
To spell deletrear spelled / spelt spelled / spelt
To spend gastar spent spent
To spill derramar spilled / spilt spilled / spilt
To spin dar vueltas spun spun
To spit escupir spat spat
To split dividir split split
To spread extender spread spread
To spring saltar sprang sprung
To stand levantarse stood stood
To steal robar stole stolen
To stick hincar stuck stuck
To sting picar stung stung
To stink oler mal stank / stunk stunk
To strew diseminar strewed strewed / strewn
To stride andar a zancadas strode stridden
To strike golpear struck struck
To string colgar algo strung strung
To strive esforzarse strove striven
To swear jurar swore sworn
To sweep barrer swept swept
To swell hinchar swelled swelled / swollen
To swim nadar swam swum
To swing balancearse swung swung
To take coger took taken
To teach enseñar taught taught
To tear rasgar tore torn
To tell decir told told
To think pensar thought thought
To thrive prosperar thrived / throve thrived / thriven
To throw tirar threw thrown
To thrust lanzar adelante thrust thrust
To tread pisar trod trodden / trod
To understand comprender understood understood
To undertake acometer undertook undertaken
To wake despertarse waked / woke waked / woken
To wear usar wore worn
To weave tejer wove woven
To weep llorar wept wept
To wet mojar wetted / wet wetted / wet
Will (auxiliar futuro) would -
To win ganar won won
To wind dar cuerda wound wound
To wring retorcer wrung wrung
To write escribir wrote written

Os recomendamos que estudiéis estos verbos irregulares, con el fin de que podáis utilizarlos en las diferentes frases del idioma Inglés.

Algunas de las palabras de este texto han sido recopiladas del sitio web Wikilearning.
Foto | Wikimedia

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